Chapter Twelve: Attack of the Hawkmen

Oganga | Attack of the Hawkmen | Adventures in the Secret Service
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Chapter Overview

Indy takes to the skies in this highflying thriller. The French Secret Service dispatches Indy to the Lafayette Escadrille to aid the allies in aerial reconnaissance of the German lines. Danger lurks as Indy faces off with the legendary ace of aces Manfred von Richthofen, known more commonly as the Red Baron. Indy’s secret mission then takes him behind enemy lines to lure aircraft designer, Anthony Fokker, into defection to the allies. This dangerous mission becomes all the more important when Indy discovers a powerful secret weapon that Fokker has designed for the Germans.

Key Topics:

War in the third dimension; Lafayette Escadrille; Espionage

Historic People:

Manfred von Richthofen-- German fighter pilot who became the top Ace of World War I (80 kills). Earned nickname, The Red Baron.
Anthony Fokker-- Dutch born aircraft engineer who designed some of the best known planes of WWI. Employed by Germany (Central Powers).
Charles Nungesser-- Flamboyant and sometimes reckless French Ace pilot who fought in WWI. Died in 1927 attempting to be the first to make the transatlantic flight (Paris to New York).

People and Topics


War in the Third Dimension

Descriptor

World War I was the first war to feature aerial combat. Planes, zeppelins, and strategic bombing were all used for the first time.


Books

Morrow, John H. Jr. The Great War in the Air. Washington and London: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993.

Frandsen, Bert. Hat in the Ring. Washington and London: Smithsonian Books, 2003.


Websites

Air Power: WWI Aerial Combat

The Aerodrome: Aces and Aircraft of WWI

League of World War I Aviation Historians

US Centennial of Flight

Airpower Doctrine | WWI


Lafayette Escadrille

Descriptor

A French air squadron of mostly American volunteer pilots who sought adventure in the Great War long before their country did.


Books

Gordon, Dennis. The Lafayette Flying Corps: The American Volunteers in the French Air Service in the World War One. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 2000.

Parsons, E.C. The Great Adventure: The Story of the Lafayette Escadrille. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran & Company, Inc, 1937.


Websites

Lafayette Escadrille

Lafayette Flying Corps.

Air Power: US Participation in WWI

National Air & Space Museum


Manfred von Richthofen

Descriptor

Originally a cavalry officer, Baron von Richthofen grew bored with the fighting on the Western Front and began looking to the skies. It's surprising to learn that the "Red Baron," as he became known, had to take flying lessons just like any other pilot. However, his natural ability and ambition drove him to become the top ace of World War I (80 kills). A legend in his own time, the "Red Baron" remains to this day the quintessential fighter pilot.


Books

Von Richthofen, Manfred. Der Rote Kampfflieger, or the Red Battle Flier.

Franks, Giblin and McCrery. Under the Guns of the Red Baron: The Complete Record of von Richthofen's Victories and Victims Fully Illustrated.


Websites

The Aerodrome: Aces and Aircraft of WWI

AcePilots.com | Richthofen

The Red Fighter Pilot

PBS: Who Killed the Red Baron?


Anthony Fokker

Descriptor

Dutch born aircraft engineer who designed some of the best known planes of WWI, including the Red Baron's infamous Fokker Dr.I triplane. He is also known for developing the synchronization gear that allowed pilots to fire straight ahead through their propellor. Fokker was "employed" by Germany (Central Powers) throughout the war. After WWI, he turned to making civilian aircraft.


Books

Dierikx, Marc. Fokker: A Transatlantic Biography. US: The Smithsonian Institution, 1997.

Postma, Thijs. Fokker: Aircraft Builders to the World. New York: Jane's Incorporated, 1980.


Websites

Fokker and His Aircraft

League of World War I Aviation Historians

Dutch Aviation


Charles Nungesser

Descriptor

Flamboyant and sometimes reckless French Ace pilot who fought in WWI. Died in 1927 attempting to be the first to make the transatlantic flight (Paris to New York).


Books

Franks, Norman, Frank W. Bailey. Over the Front: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the U.S. and French Air Services 1914-1918. Grub Street, London, 1922.


Websites

Nungesser Bio

Acepilots.com/nungesser

Aerodrome/nungesser

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Educators are strongly advised to review any resources prior to allowing student use.

Copyright: All images on Indyintheclassroom.com are used with permission or are in the public domain. Exceptions are noted. For additional information see our Copyright section.

Documentary Previews

Below you will find information about each documentary that supplements Attack of the Hawkmen.


War in the Third Dimension: Aerial Warfare in World War I


When World War I began, the rival armies charged into battle with frightening new weapons that seemed ready to change the very nature of war. One promising new piece of military hardware -- the airplane -- wasn't quite ready to hit its mark. That didn't stop a few passionate advocates from making big plans for airplanes, or from dreaming up ways to use them in war. By the end of the war these visionaries would transform the flimsy airplanes of 1914 into powerful and dependable weapons, and take war where it had rarely gone before: beyond the two dimensional realm of our planet's surface, into the third dimension of the air above. Produced by Mark Page and Jennifer Petrucelli. Written by Mark Page.

Running Time: (0:27:34)


Blood Red: The Life and Death of Manfred von Richthofen


Today, historians and aviation buffs still celebrate the Red Baron as the ideal fighter pilot. A daring knight of the sky who helped write the book on aerial combat during the world's first air war. For the man behind the myth, however, the real story is a tale of disillusionment; a blood red saga in which ancient ideals of chivalry, honor and duty came crashing down in the fires of modern war. Produced and written by Mark Page and Jennifer Petrucell. Written by Mark Page.

Running Time: (0:27:43)

Exclusive Documentary Preview!
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Flying High for France: The Lafayette Escadrille


In a war that claimed millions of lives, most who served in the military fought because they had no choice. But the high flying men of the Lafayette Escadrille were different: they didn't have to be there. They were American adventurers who volunteered for World War One long before their country joined. They were lawyers, authors, heirs to banking and railroad fortunes, Ivy League graduates, friends of royalty, sons of privilege. All they wanted was a chance to fly. The young pilots came to the war with romantic ideas of adventure and heroism. They had no idea what they were in for. Produced and written by Karena O'Riordan.

Running Time: (0:26:13)


Anthony Fokker: The Flying Dutchman


On November 11, 1918, the Germans laid down their arms, finally ending World War I. In the surrender agreement, the Allies listed the numbers of cannons, machine guns and other weapons that Germany had to turn over. Yet of 1,700 airplanes demanded, only one type was so feared that it was mentioned by name: the D-7. The deadly machine was the masterwork of a 28 year-old Dutchman who had become Germany's most skilled -- and unconventional -- plane maker: Anthony Fokker. Produced and written by Mike Welt.

Running Time: (0:27:31)

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The above descriptors were acquired from Starwars.com

Disclaimer: All resources (including books and websites) provided on indyintheclassroom.com are intended to be used by educators. Indyintheclassroom.com is not responsible for the content on linked websites.
Educators are strongly advised to review any resources prior to allowing student use.

Copyright: All images on Indyintheclassroom.com are used with permission or are in the public domain. Exceptions are noted. For additional information see our Copyright section.

Indy Connections: Attack of the Hawkmen

Below are current event articles that relate to events, topics, and people found in Attack of the Hawkmen.


A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: ‘We desire no conquest, no dominion. The world must be made safe for democracy’

independent.co.uk
6/5/2014

A light rain was falling on the evening of 2 April 1917 as Woodrow Wilson was driven from the White House to Capitol Hill, escorted by a unit of the United States cavalry, to address a specially convened joint session of Congress. According to contemporary accounts, the 28th president looked pale and nervous. But his words betrayed not the slightest doubt or hesitancy.


For men used to mining - fighting in trenches was seen as an escape FROM HELL

express.co.uk
6/1/2014

These days, however, Big Pit digs tourism, not coal; the party descending into the earth are American visitors. There are no working deep-mines remaining in South Wales; already in decline, the area's coalfield was annihilated in the wake of the 1984-5 Miners' Strike, the names of the closed collieries to toll like funeral bells. Mardy. Tower. Deep Navigation. Markham. Lady Windsor. How black was my valley a century ago, on the eve of the Great War, when there were a dozen collieries within sight, and another 600 coal mines across South Wales, employing 232,000 men, who hewed 57 million tons a year, a fifth of the entire output of the United Kingdom. The very earth vibrated to the metronomic percussion of thousands of subterranean men wielding the pick. Coal for the Navy. Coal for industry. Coal for locomotives. Coal for homes.


We all know the classic First World War films - but what of flops and political embarrassments?

independent.co.uk
5/28/2014

Movie legends including Charlie Chaplin, Stanley Kubrick and Steven Spielberg have attempted to tackle the First World War, but while some have achieved Oscars and box-office success, others have delayed peace talks and enraged renowned world leaders. One of the most famous films, A Farewell to Arms (1932), directed by Frank Borzage, has been digitally restored and is due for re-release in UK cinemas tomorrow.


The ten men who shaped the road to war

independent.ie
5/10/2014

1 HORATIO KITCHENER As the first British troops marched whistling off to the front in autumn 1914 the cliche of the hour was: "It'll be all over by Christmas." An experienced campaigner on three continents, Horatio Kitchener from Ballylongford, Co Kerry, knew it would be a long haul. As Secretary of State for War he put together the largest volunteer army the world had ever seen, and put industrial production on an efficient war footing.


World War One author's life-saving helmet returns to Flanders

bbc.com
5/7/2014

A helmet which saved Eric Linklater's life during World War One has returned to the battlefields of Flanders. The Orkney writer had a miraculous escape in 1918 when the tin helmet was pierced by a German bullet. The helmet, which is now displayed in the Orkney Museum, has been loaned back to the Linklater family who took it to Belgium as part of commemorations by the Black Watch regiment. BBC Scotland's Fionn McArthur has been speaking to Eric's son, Magnus Linklater.


Help Transcribe Diaries From World War I

Smithsonian.com
3/18/2014

The National Archives currently has in its collection 1.5 million pages of handwritten diaries kept by soldiers of World War I. They're some of the most requested documents in the National Archives reading room, but until now have been accessible only to anyone who's made the trip to D.C. But now the archivisits are working to put them online, and you can help them. The project is called Operation War Diary, and it comes from a partnership between the National Archives, the citizen science initiative Zooniverse and the Imperial War Museum in the UK. The diaries have all been scanned and posted online for citizen historians to look at and transcribe. According to the project: "The war diaries contain a wealth of information of far greater interest than the army could ever have predicted. They provide unrivalled insight into daily events on the front line, and are full of fascinating detail about the decisions that were made and the activities that resulted from them."


World War One: 10 interpretations of who started WW1

bbc.com
2/11/2014

No one nation deserves all responsibility for the outbreak of war, but Germany seems to me to deserve most. It alone had power to halt the descent to disaster at any time in July 1914 by withdrawing its "blank cheque" which offered support to Austria for its invasion of Serbia. I'm afraid I am unconvinced by the argument that Serbia was a rogue state which deserved its nemesis at Austria's hands. And I do not believe Russia wanted a European war in 1914 - its leaders knew that it would have been in a far stronger position to fight two years later, having completed its rearmament programme.


The Spirit of St. Louis’ Amazing Journey

Smithsonian.com
11/15/2013

To fly between New York and Paris, in either direction, in a single flight. Lindbergh was not the first to take the dare. Dozens had flown the Atlantic in stages, as early as 1919; and several had lost their lives in pursuit of the prize. By the spring of 1927, while others were outfitting $100,000 tri-motor planes with deluxe interiors, Lindbergh determined that the key to success would be simplicity: a single-engine monoplane with only one pilot. He found eight civic-minded businessmen in St. Louis to back his endeavor.


World War One: The circus animals that helped Britain

bbc.com
11/10/2013

On the cobbled streets of industrial Sheffield an Indian elephant dutifully lumbered along. Her task was important - she had to cart munitions, machines and scrap metal around the city, a job previously done by three horses taken off to war. Lizzie - as she was known - was used to performing tricks as part of a travelling menagerie. But with the outbreak of World War One she was conscripted to help with heavy labour, fitted with a harness and sent to work at a scrap metal merchants.


German Subs: Sunken WWI U-Boats a Bonanza for Historians

abcnew.com
6/21/2013

British archaeologists recently discovered more than 40 German U-boats sunk during World War I off the coast of England. Now they are in a race against time to learn the secrets hidden in their watery graves. On the old game show "What's My Line?" Briton Mark Dunkley might have been described with the following words: "He does what many adventurers around the world can only dream of doing." Dunkley is an underwater archeologist who dives for lost treasures. His most recent discoveries were anything if not eerie.


Disclaimer: All resources (including books and websites) provided on indyintheclassroom.com are intended to be used by educators. Indyintheclassroom.com is not responsible for the content on linked websites.
Educators are strongly advised to review any resources prior to allowing student use.

Copyright: All images on Indyintheclassroom.com are used with permission or are in the public domain. Exceptions are noted. For additional information see our Copyright section.

Suggested Lessons


Oganga | Attack of the Hawkmen | Adventures in the Secret Service
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