Chapter Fifteen: Daredevils of the Desert

Espionage Escapades | Daredevils of the Desert | Tales of Innocence
Young Indy Home

Chapter Overview

Under orders from the French, but working with the British, Indy teams up with old friend, T.E. Lawrence to assist in the allied plan to conquer Jerusalem by Christmas. He is ordered to sneak into the ancient town of Beersheba and protect the city's water supply that would certainly be destroyed by the occupying Germans at the first sign of defeat. Indy poses as a trader and teams up with a beautiful female spy to infiltrate the ancient town. The plan takes an unexpected turn when Indy and his companion are captured just before the allied attack is launched. The action reaches new heights as soldiers of the Australian Lighthorse lead a brave and magnificent cavalry charge on the town.

Key Topics:

World War I in the Middle East; Australian Lighthorse

Historic People:

T.E. Lawrence-- scholar, archaeologist, diplomat and British military hero
Richard Meinertzhagen-- British officer, ornithologist, spy, big-game hunter, friend of T. E. Lawrence, and gentile supporter of the Jewish state.

People and Topics


T.E. Lawrence

Descriptor

Scholar, archaeologist, diplomat and British military hero whose famous exploits forever made him Lawrence of Arabia. Beginning in 1911, Lawrence studied Arabic and archaeology in the Middle East. When war broke out, his knowledge of Arabic and Middle Eastern geography made him an invaluable part of the British Army. The relationships he forged earlier allowed him to serve as a trusted diplomat to Arabs during and after the war.


Exclusive Documentary Preview


Books

Lawrence, T.E. Seven Pillars of Wisdom: A Triumph. London: Jonathan Cape Publishers, 1936.

Wilson, Jeremy. Lawrence of Arabia, The Authorised Biography. London: Heinemann, 1989.


Websites

The T.E. Lawrence Society

T.E. Lawrence Bio

T.E. Lawrence Studies

T.E. Lawrence Papers


World War I in the Middle East

Descriptor

Often falling in the shadow of the Western Front, WWI in the Middle East was every bit as harsh and unforgiving as the fighting in the rest of the world. The fall of the Ottoman Empire at the end of WWI began the turmoil and confusion that still rocks the Middle East to this day.


Exclusive Documentary Preview


Books

Fromkin, David. A Peace to End All Peace. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1989.

Gelvin, James L. The Modern Middle East: A History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.


Websites

BBC- Middle East in WWI

Channel 4- Jihad

Mesopotamian Front- WWI

Middle East After WWI

NPR- Middle East: A Century of Conflict


The Australian Light Horse

Descriptor

Name for the Australian cavalry and mounted infantry. The Australian 4th Light Horse Brigade are credited with the last successful cavalry charge in history (Battle of Beersheba in 1917... shown in this episode). The ALH are also known for wearing Ostrich plumes in their hats.


Books

Jones, Ian. The Australian Light Horse: Australians at War. United Kingdom: Time Life Books, 1987.

Hollis, Kenneth. Thunder of the Hooves: A History of 12 Australian Light Horse Regiments 1915-1919. Australian Military History Publications, 2008.


Websites

Australian Lighthorse Association

Lighthorse; Australia's Mounted Infantry

The Australian Lighthorse

Australian War Memorial

Australians at War


Battle of Beersheba

Descriptor

Part of the larger Sinai and Palestine Campaign, the Allies made a bold move of crossing the desert without adequate water supplies in hopes of securing Beersheba and avoiding the stronger defenses at Gaza. In the end, the bold plan proved successful due to the 4th Lighthorse Brigade who led history's last successful cavalry charge.


Books

Grainger, John D. The Battle for Palestine, 1917. Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2006.

Jones, Ian. The Australian Light Horse: Australians at War. United Kingdom: Time Life Books, 1987.

Hollis, Kenneth. Thunder of the Hooves: A History of 12 Australian Light Horse Regiments 1915-1919. Australian Military History Publications, 2008.


Websites

Australian Lighthorse Association- Battle at Beersheba

Lighthorse; Australia's Mounted Infantry

Battle of Beersheba

The Australian Lighthorse

Australian War Memorial

Australians at War

Disclaimer: All resources (including books and websites) provided on indyintheclassroom.com are intended to be used by educators. Indyintheclassroom.com is not responsible for the content on linked websites.
Educators are strongly advised to review any resources prior to allowing student use.

Copyright: All images on Indyintheclassroom.com are used with permission or are in the public domain. Exceptions are noted. For additional information see our Copyright section.

Documentary Previews

Below you will find information about each documentary that supplements Daredevils of the Desert.


Lines in the Sand: The Middle East and the Great War


The Ottoman Empire once spanned three continents, stretching from Budapest to Basra to Algiers. Founded around 1300 , it created a rich, multi-ethnic world that was Islamic in faith and tolerant in practice. But by the early 20th century, the Empire was under attack from without and challenged from within. When World War broke out in 1914, the Ottomans had to choose sides. They cast their lot with Germany and Austria, and against Britain, France, and Russia. That decision would lead to the Empire's final destruction -- and the creation of the modern Middle East. Produced and written by Sharon Wood.

Running Time: (0:34:29)

Exclusive Documentary Preview!
No video? Watch in Flash!



Colonel Lawrence's War: T.E. Lawrence and Arabia


He was an action hero as well as an intellectual hero. T.E. Lawrence escaped a safe office job during World War I to become a guerilla war mastermind in desert combat, fighting alongside Arabs to throw off the rule of the Ottoman Empire. But despite British promises of Arab independence, the Middle East would end up being carved by European colonial treaties, and Lawrence faced the challenges of keeping his word to his trusted compatriots of the desert. Produced and written by Sharon Wood..

Running Time: (0:36:05)

This documentary is also available with the bonus features for Chapter 1: My First Adventure



The above descriptors were acquired from Starwars.com

Disclaimer: All resources (including books and websites) provided on indyintheclassroom.com are intended to be used by educators. Indyintheclassroom.com is not responsible for the content on linked websites.
Educators are strongly advised to review any resources prior to allowing student use.

Copyright: All images on Indyintheclassroom.com are used with permission or are in the public domain. Exceptions are noted. For additional information see our Copyright section.

Indy Connections: Daredevils of the Desert

Below are current event articles that relate to events, topics, and people found in Daredevils of the Desert.


Help Transcribe Diaries From World War I

Smithsonian.com
3/18/2014

The National Archives currently has in its collection 1.5 million pages of handwritten diaries kept by soldiers of World War I. They're some of the most requested documents in the National Archives reading room, but until now have been accessible only to anyone who's made the trip to D.C. But now the archivisits are working to put them online, and you can help them. The project is called Operation War Diary, and it comes from a partnership between the National Archives, the citizen science initiative Zooniverse and the Imperial War Museum in the UK. The diaries have all been scanned and posted online for citizen historians to look at and transcribe. According to the project: "The war diaries contain a wealth of information of far greater interest than the army could ever have predicted. They provide unrivalled insight into daily events on the front line, and are full of fascinating detail about the decisions that were made and the activities that resulted from them."


World War One: 10 interpretations of who started WW1

bbc.com
2/11/2014

No one nation deserves all responsibility for the outbreak of war, but Germany seems to me to deserve most. It alone had power to halt the descent to disaster at any time in July 1914 by withdrawing its "blank cheque" which offered support to Austria for its invasion of Serbia. I'm afraid I am unconvinced by the argument that Serbia was a rogue state which deserved its nemesis at Austria's hands. And I do not believe Russia wanted a European war in 1914 - its leaders knew that it would have been in a far stronger position to fight two years later, having completed its rearmament programme.


World War One: The circus animals that helped Britain

bbc.com
11/10/2013

On the cobbled streets of industrial Sheffield an Indian elephant dutifully lumbered along. Her task was important - she had to cart munitions, machines and scrap metal around the city, a job previously done by three horses taken off to war. Lizzie - as she was known - was used to performing tricks as part of a travelling menagerie. But with the outbreak of World War One she was conscripted to help with heavy labour, fitted with a harness and sent to work at a scrap metal merchants.


German Subs: Sunken WWI U-Boats a Bonanza for Historians

abcnew.com
6/21/2013

British archaeologists recently discovered more than 40 German U-boats sunk during World War I off the coast of England. Now they are in a race against time to learn the secrets hidden in their watery graves. On the old game show "What's My Line?" Briton Mark Dunkley might have been described with the following words: "He does what many adventurers around the world can only dream of doing." Dunkley is an underwater archeologist who dives for lost treasures. His most recent discoveries were anything if not eerie.


Rare World War I Images Found Inside Antique Camera By Photographer Anton Orlov

huffingtonpost.com
1/11/2013

A blogger passionate about historic photography techniques serendipitously found some old photos inside his newly-purchased camera. As in, World War I old. Last week, Anton Orlov of the Photo Palace blog was cleaning the Jumelle Belllieni stereoscopic camera that he'd bought at an antique store a few days prior, and found the images completely by accident. According to his blog, he opened the film chamber and saw the negatives on a stack of glass plates.


Disturbing Pathe footage from World War One reveals devastating effects of shell shock on soldiers as they were treated in pioneering Devon hospital

dailymail.co.uk
11/8/2012

Uncontrollable shaking, terrifying nightmares and severe convulsions were among the most devastating symptoms suffered by the many First World War soldiers who suffered shell shock. By the end of the war, more than 80,000 men who had endured the horrors of battle were struggling to return to normality. And here, disturbing footage compiled by British Pathé film archivists and released to MailOnline today, brings home the terrifying reality that for many the war never really ended. At the time, most shell shock victims were treated harshly and with little sympathy as their symptoms were not understood and they were seen as a sign of weakness. But at Newton Abbott's Seale Hayne in Devon, the approach was very different due to the revolutionary approach of a doctor called Arthur Hurst, an army major, who believed he could cure every shell shock victim.


Document Deep Dive: What Did the Zimmermann Telegram Say?

Smithsonian.com
8/21/2012

On January 17, 1917, British code breakers in Room 40, the cryptoanalysis office of Great Britain’s Naval Intelligence, intercepted a telegram from Germany. At first, they suspected the coded message was a routine communication. But, soon enough, the cryptologists found that what they held in their hands was a top-secret missive that would shift the tides of World War I. Chances are that you have studied the Zimmermann Telegram in a history class, but have you ever actually seen the coded message? German Foreign Minister Arthur Zimmermann sent the diplomatic message to Heinrich von Eckardt, the German ambassador in Mexico City, instructing him to speak to the president of Mexico. He proposed that the two nations strike an alliance; if Mexico waged war against the United States, thereby distracting Americans from the conflict in Europe, Germany would lend support and help Mexico reclaim Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.


Hitler postcard found in World War I project

bbc.co.uk
5/2/2012

A previously unknown postcard sent by Adolf Hitler when he was a soldier in World War I has been uncovered in a European history project. Hitler's postcard, sent in 1916 when he was recovering from a war wound, was found in Munich, Germany. Oxford University is providing expert advice to the Europeana 1914-1918 project which runs history roadshows. When the postcard was identified, the university's Dr Stuart Lee said he "felt a shudder run through me". "I found it hard to believe that at a local event to record ordinary people's stories, I was seeing a previously unknown document in Hitler's own hand," said Dr Lee.


Closing the Pigeon Gap

Smithsonian.com
4/17/2012

At midnight on November 12, 1870, two French balloons, inflated with highly flammable coal gas and manned by desperate volunteers, took off from a site in Monmartre, the highest point in Paris. The balloons rose from a city besieged "the Franco-Prussian War had left Paris isolated, and the city had been hastily encircled by the Prussian Army" and they did so on an unlikely mission. They carried with them several dozen pigeons, gathered from lofts across the city, that were part of a last-ditch attempt to establish two-way communication between the capital and the French provisional government in Tours, 130 miles southwest.


The Ottoman Empire's Life-or-Death Race

Smithsonian.com
3/22/2012

The executioners of the Ottoman Empire were never noted for their mercy; just ask the teenage Sultan Osman II, who in May 1622 suffered an excruciating death by "compression of the testicles" as contemporary chronicles put it at the hands of an assassin known as Pehlivan the Oil Wrestler. There was reason for this ruthlessness, however; for much of its history (the most successful bit, in fact), the Ottoman dynasty flourished - ruling over modern Turkey, the Balkans and most of North Africa and the Middle East thanks in part to the staggering violence it meted out to the highest and mightiest members of society.


Disclaimer: All resources (including books and websites) provided on indyintheclassroom.com are intended to be used by educators. Indyintheclassroom.com is not responsible for the content on linked websites.
Educators are strongly advised to review any resources prior to allowing student use.

Copyright: All images on Indyintheclassroom.com are used with permission or are in the public domain. Exceptions are noted. For additional information see our Copyright section.

Suggested Lessons


Espionage Escapades | Daredevils of the Desert | Tales of Innocence
Young Indy Home