Chapter Fifteen: Daredevils of the Desert

Espionage Escapades | Daredevils of the Desert | Tales of Innocence
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Chapter Overview

Under orders from the French, but working with the British, Indy teams up with old friend, T.E. Lawrence to assist in the allied plan to conquer Jerusalem by Christmas. He is ordered to sneak into the ancient town of Beersheba and protect the city's water supply that would certainly be destroyed by the occupying Germans at the first sign of defeat. Indy poses as a trader and teams up with a beautiful female spy to infiltrate the ancient town. The plan takes an unexpected turn when Indy and his companion are captured just before the allied attack is launched. The action reaches new heights as soldiers of the Australian Lighthorse lead a brave and magnificent cavalry charge on the town.

Key Topics:

World War I in the Middle East; Australian Lighthorse

Historic People:

T.E. Lawrence-- scholar, archaeologist, diplomat and British military hero
Richard Meinertzhagen-- British officer, ornithologist, spy, big-game hunter, friend of T. E. Lawrence, and gentile supporter of the Jewish state.

People and Topics


T.E. Lawrence

Descriptor

Scholar, archaeologist, diplomat and British military hero whose famous exploits forever made him Lawrence of Arabia. Beginning in 1911, Lawrence studied Arabic and archaeology in the Middle East. When war broke out, his knowledge of Arabic and Middle Eastern geography made him an invaluable part of the British Army. The relationships he forged earlier allowed him to serve as a trusted diplomat to Arabs during and after the war.


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Books

Lawrence, T.E. Seven Pillars of Wisdom: A Triumph. London: Jonathan Cape Publishers, 1936.

Wilson, Jeremy. Lawrence of Arabia, The Authorised Biography. London: Heinemann, 1989.


Websites

The T.E. Lawrence Society

T.E. Lawrence Bio

T.E. Lawrence Studies

T.E. Lawrence Papers


World War I in the Middle East

Descriptor

Often falling in the shadow of the Western Front, WWI in the Middle East was every bit as harsh and unforgiving as the fighting in the rest of the world. The fall of the Ottoman Empire at the end of WWI began the turmoil and confusion that still rocks the Middle East to this day.


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Books

Fromkin, David. A Peace to End All Peace. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1989.

Gelvin, James L. The Modern Middle East: A History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.


Websites

BBC- Middle East in WWI

Channel 4- Jihad

Mesopotamian Front- WWI

Middle East After WWI

NPR- Middle East: A Century of Conflict


The Australian Light Horse

Descriptor

Name for the Australian cavalry and mounted infantry. The Australian 4th Light Horse Brigade are credited with the last successful cavalry charge in history (Battle of Beersheba in 1917... shown in this episode). The ALH are also known for wearing Ostrich plumes in their hats.


Books

Jones, Ian. The Australian Light Horse: Australians at War. United Kingdom: Time Life Books, 1987.

Hollis, Kenneth. Thunder of the Hooves: A History of 12 Australian Light Horse Regiments 1915-1919. Australian Military History Publications, 2008.


Websites

Australian Lighthorse Association

Lighthorse; Australia's Mounted Infantry

The Australian Lighthorse

Australian War Memorial

Australians at War


Battle of Beersheba

Descriptor

Part of the larger Sinai and Palestine Campaign, the Allies made a bold move of crossing the desert without adequate water supplies in hopes of securing Beersheba and avoiding the stronger defenses at Gaza. In the end, the bold plan proved successful due to the 4th Lighthorse Brigade who led history's last successful cavalry charge.


Books

Grainger, John D. The Battle for Palestine, 1917. Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2006.

Jones, Ian. The Australian Light Horse: Australians at War. United Kingdom: Time Life Books, 1987.

Hollis, Kenneth. Thunder of the Hooves: A History of 12 Australian Light Horse Regiments 1915-1919. Australian Military History Publications, 2008.


Websites

Australian Lighthorse Association- Battle at Beersheba

Lighthorse; Australia's Mounted Infantry

Battle of Beersheba

The Australian Lighthorse

Australian War Memorial

Australians at War

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Educators are strongly advised to review any resources prior to allowing student use.

Copyright: All images on Indyintheclassroom.com are used with permission or are in the public domain. Exceptions are noted. For additional information see our Copyright section.

Documentary Previews

Below you will find information about each documentary that supplements Daredevils of the Desert.


Lines in the Sand: The Middle East and the Great War


The Ottoman Empire once spanned three continents, stretching from Budapest to Basra to Algiers. Founded around 1300 , it created a rich, multi-ethnic world that was Islamic in faith and tolerant in practice. But by the early 20th century, the Empire was under attack from without and challenged from within. When World War broke out in 1914, the Ottomans had to choose sides. They cast their lot with Germany and Austria, and against Britain, France, and Russia. That decision would lead to the Empire's final destruction -- and the creation of the modern Middle East. Produced and written by Sharon Wood.

Running Time: (0:34:29)

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Colonel Lawrence's War: T.E. Lawrence and Arabia


He was an action hero as well as an intellectual hero. T.E. Lawrence escaped a safe office job during World War I to become a guerilla war mastermind in desert combat, fighting alongside Arabs to throw off the rule of the Ottoman Empire. But despite British promises of Arab independence, the Middle East would end up being carved by European colonial treaties, and Lawrence faced the challenges of keeping his word to his trusted compatriots of the desert. Produced and written by Sharon Wood..

Running Time: (0:36:05)

This documentary is also available with the bonus features for Chapter 1: My First Adventure



The above descriptors were acquired from Starwars.com

Disclaimer: All resources (including books and websites) provided on indyintheclassroom.com are intended to be used by educators. Indyintheclassroom.com is not responsible for the content on linked websites.
Educators are strongly advised to review any resources prior to allowing student use.

Copyright: All images on Indyintheclassroom.com are used with permission or are in the public domain. Exceptions are noted. For additional information see our Copyright section.

Indy Connections: Daredevils of the Desert

Below are current event articles that relate to events, topics, and people found in Daredevils of the Desert.


WWI Canadian soldiers' remains identified

cbc.ca
10/5/2014

Nearly a century after they died in battle, the remains of unidentified Canadian soldiers who fought in the First World War are still being found in Europe.
Today the Department of National Defence released the names of four who died during the Battle of Amiens in August 1918.
Their resting place was discovered in 2006 by then 14-year-old Fabien Demeusere, while digging in his back garden in Hallu, France, 120 kilometres north of Paris.


What New Zealanders left behind in Arras, France

ww100.govt.nz
9/22/2014

Between 1916 and 1917, the New Zealand Tunnelling Company linked a subterranean system of quarries beneath the Western Front, and named them after New Zealand places to help themselves stay oriented underground.
Originally mined for chalk to build the French town of Arras, the vast network of 200 year-old underground quarries was rediscovered in September 1916. The New Zealand tunnellers were tasked with linking and extending these old quarries in preparation for a major Allied attack on the Germans. Once complete, the quarried spaces would secretly house Allied troops before they took on the enemy in the ‘Battle of Arras’.


Trench Warfare in World War I Was a Smarter Strategy Than You Realize

io9.com
9/22/2014

History remembers trench warfare as wasteful, futile, and uninspired, but in reality it was a deeply thought-out system that underwent constant revision. Here's how it worked during World War I.
Top image: A painting by Captain Kenneth Keith Forbes shows a Canadian 6-inch howitzer supporting British troops in the attack on Thiepval on 16 July 1916 during the Somme offensive. Via Canadian Artillery in Action.
It was around this time 100 years ago that the mobile battlefield along the Western Front ground to a screeching halt — a 440 mile stretch that barely moved in the ensuing four years.


First World War: how Telegraph readers saw it

telegraph.co.uk
9/2/2014

Everyone knows about the horrors of life in the trenches of the First World War, but it’s only recently that the anxieties of people back home in Britain have started to be talked about.
At long last, those feelings are being aired more widely, thanks to a new anthology of letters written, at the time, to The Daily Telegraph. The message these missives impart is of a nation that was desperate to provide support, of any kind, to our brave boys fighting on just the other side of the Channel.


First World War centenary: how the events of August 2 1914 unfolded

telegraph.co.uk
8/2/2014

Britain went to war on August 4 1914. In the second part of a four-day series, we document the dramatic events leading up to the declaration of war as they happened, hour-by-hour.


A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: ‘We desire no conquest, no dominion. The world must be made safe for democracy’

independent.co.uk
6/5/2014

A light rain was falling on the evening of 2 April 1917 as Woodrow Wilson was driven from the White House to Capitol Hill, escorted by a unit of the United States cavalry, to address a specially convened joint session of Congress. According to contemporary accounts, the 28th president looked pale and nervous. But his words betrayed not the slightest doubt or hesitancy.


World War One: Tyne and Wear's shipbuilding prowess

bbc.com
6/4/2014

World War One is remembered as the first industrial war. A clash of furnace and factory as much as flesh and blood. The chimneys and cranes of this war machine consumed landscapes across Europe. And few were more dominated than the 12 miles of the River Tyne, from the North Sea to the west of Newcastle, devoted to building the world's ships. It is estimated more than three million tonnes of shipping were built in the yards here, on the nearby River Wear and in other north east yards, from 1914 to 1918.


For men used to mining - fighting in trenches was seen as an escape FROM HELL

express.co.uk
6/1/2014

These days, however, Big Pit digs tourism, not coal; the party descending into the earth are American visitors. There are no working deep-mines remaining in South Wales; already in decline, the area's coalfield was annihilated in the wake of the 1984-5 Miners' Strike, the names of the closed collieries to toll like funeral bells. Mardy. Tower. Deep Navigation. Markham. Lady Windsor. How black was my valley a century ago, on the eve of the Great War, when there were a dozen collieries within sight, and another 600 coal mines across South Wales, employing 232,000 men, who hewed 57 million tons a year, a fifth of the entire output of the United Kingdom. The very earth vibrated to the metronomic percussion of thousands of subterranean men wielding the pick. Coal for the Navy. Coal for industry. Coal for locomotives. Coal for homes.


The ten men who shaped the road to war

independent.ie
5/10/2014

1 HORATIO KITCHENER As the first British troops marched whistling off to the front in autumn 1914 the cliche of the hour was: "It'll be all over by Christmas." An experienced campaigner on three continents, Horatio Kitchener from Ballylongford, Co Kerry, knew it would be a long haul. As Secretary of State for War he put together the largest volunteer army the world had ever seen, and put industrial production on an efficient war footing.


Gallipoli eyewitness: World War I soldier Sydney Skinner's letter to parents provides vivid account of Anzac landings

abc.net
4/27/2014

At 4:00am on April 25, 1915, 22-year-old Sydney Harrie Skinner was just one of the expectant nervous Anzacs onboard His Majesty's Australian Transport Ship 15 as it anchored off Kabe Tepe point on the Gallipoli peninsula. The ship, the Star of England, had steamed through the night from Lemnos Island in Greece. Sydney Skinner's letter home to his "Ma and Pa" provides an extraordinarily vivid first-hand description of the landing, the carnage, the horror and at times the excitement felt by many of those who took part in what was to become the defining moment in Australian military mythology.


Disclaimer: All resources (including books and websites) provided on indyintheclassroom.com are intended to be used by educators. Indyintheclassroom.com is not responsible for the content on linked websites.
Educators are strongly advised to review any resources prior to allowing student use.

Copyright: All images on Indyintheclassroom.com are used with permission or are in the public domain. Exceptions are noted. For additional information see our Copyright section.

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Espionage Escapades | Daredevils of the Desert | Tales of Innocence
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