Chapter Thirteen: Adventures in the Secret Service

Attack of the Hawkmen | Adventures in the Secret Service | Espionage Escapades
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Chapter Overview

The horrors of World War I have Indy doing anything he can to aid in ending the Great War. An opportunity arises when Indy is ordered to escort two Habsburg royals into Austria to negotiate a separate peace from Germany. Secret documents, hidden agendas, and check points make the journey all the more risky for Indy and his companions. Austrian Emperor Karl I is apparently willing to negotiate the peace, but a devious prince stops Indy at every turn. Indy’s adventures then take him into the heart of Russia as he attempts to gauge the country’s pathway to Revolution. A growing friendship with Bolsheviks and an empowering speech by Vladimir Lenin challenges Indy’s loyalties to his duty.

Key Topics:

Attempts to end World War I; Espionage; The Russian Revolution

Historic People:

Emperor Karl I of Austria-- Last Emperor of Austria and last King of Hungary and Bohemia, and the last monarch of the Habsburg Dynasty. Fought to end WWI.
Count Ottokar Czernin-- Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary who attempted to end his countries participation in WWI.
Vladimir Lenin-- Revolutionary who led the Bolsheviks in the Russian Revolution. Created the world's first communist state.

People and Topics


Emperor Karl I

Descriptor

Last Emperor of Austria and last King of Hungary and Bohemia, and the last monarch of the Habsburg Dynasty. Fought to end WWI.


Books

Cochran, Br. Nathan. Venerable Karl of Austria, Emperor and King: His Cause for Beatification. August/September, 2004.

Balassa, Imre. Death of an Empire: The First Authentic and Intimate Account of the Life of Karl IV, Last of the Ruling Hapsburgs. New York: Hillman-Curl, Inc., 1937.


Websites

Emperor Karl I Bio

Channel 4- Emperor Karl I Bio

Austria-Hungary Goes to War

Timeline of Hungarian History

LOC- Country Study of Hungary


Vladimir Lenin

Descriptor

Revolutionary who led the Bolsheviks in the Russian Revolution. Created the world's first communist state.


Books

Service, Robert. Lenin: A Biography. Cambridge, MA: The Bellknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000.

Conquest, Robert. Lenin. London: Fontana/Collins, 1972.


Websites

Time 100- Lenin

Lenin Museum

LOC- Study of Former USSR

BBC- Lenin Bio

Bolshevik Revolution Aftermath


Russian Revolution

Descriptor

Revolution that saw the end of the Romanov Dynasty in Russia and the formation of the world's first communist state. This revolution led to the formation of the USSR. Other historical consequences include the brief Russian alliance with Hitler, the Cold War, Space Race, Cuban Missile Crisis, Vietnam and Korean Wars, and more.


Books

Figes, Orlando. A People's Tragedy: The Russian Revolution, 1891-1924. New York, NY: Viking, 1997 c.1996.

Suny, Ronald Grigor. The Soviet Experiment: Russia, the USSR and the Successor States. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.


Websites

Seventeen Moments in Soviet History

BBC- Russian Revolution

Leon Trotsky's History of the Russian Revolution

LOC- Study of Former USSR

Bolshevik Revolution Aftermath

Russian History Links


Austria's Separate Peace Attempt

Descriptor

In early 1917, Austrian Emperor Karl I secretly attempted to negotiate peace with the Allies separate from his own ally, Germany. The Emperor used his wife's brother, Sixtus, as an intermediary with the French. However, by 1917 the French new the Central Powers were doomed and a separate peace was out of the question. The French published Karl's negotiations in an attempt to further unwind the alliance of Germany and Austria. France's strategy worked to some degree, resulting in Germany's distrust of Austria for the remainder of the war.


Books

Shanafelt, Gary W. The secret enemy: Austria-Hungary and the German alliance. East European Monographs, 1985.

Balassa, Imre. Death of an Empire: The First Authentic and Intimate Account of the Life of Karl IV, Last of the Ruling Hapsburgs. New York: Hillman-Curl, Inc., 1937.


Websites

First World War- Karl I

Channel 4- Emperor Karl I Bio

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Copyright: All images on Indyintheclassroom.com are used with permission or are in the public domain. Exceptions are noted. For additional information see our Copyright section.

Documentary Previews

Below you will find information about each documentary that supplements Adventures in the Secret Service.


Karl: The Last Habsburg Emperor


Karl, the last Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, was labeled a traitor and failure during his lifetime. His own people exiled him. Still, there has been recognition that perhaps Karl's short reign should be remembered less for his failures than for his unsuccessful yet sincere attempts to transform his empire and bring an end to World War I. Produced and Written by Adam Sternberg.

Running Time: (0:29:49)

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The Russian Revolution: All Power to the Soviets!


In 1991, the Soviet Union, one of the most powerful nations on Earth, collapsed. Born in socialist revolution almost three-quarters of a century earlier, its birth in 1917 sent shockwaves around the world. Right from the start, the Russian Revolution promised a better world of equality, dignity, and social justice. What happened to those promises? Produced and Written by Sharon Wood.

Running Time: (0:33:35)

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V.I. Lenin: History Will Not Forgive Us


To create the utopian world he envisioned, Lenin did what he thought he had to. His violent seizure of power -- and the harsh measures he took to hold onto it -- inspired generations of revolutionaries, and dictators. Brilliant and driven, Lenin wanted to change history. He did, but not in the way he expected. Produced and Written by Sharon Wood.

Running Time: (0:33:54)

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The above descriptors were acquired from Starwars.com

Disclaimer: All resources (including books and websites) provided on indyintheclassroom.com are intended to be used by educators. Indyintheclassroom.com is not responsible for the content on linked websites.
Educators are strongly advised to review any resources prior to allowing student use.

Copyright: All images on Indyintheclassroom.com are used with permission or are in the public domain. Exceptions are noted. For additional information see our Copyright section.

Indy Connections: Adventures in the Secret Service

Below are current event articles that relate to events, topics, and people found in Adventures in the Secret Service.


Help Transcribe Diaries From World War I

Smithsonian.com
3/18/2014

The National Archives currently has in its collection 1.5 million pages of handwritten diaries kept by soldiers of World War I. They're some of the most requested documents in the National Archives reading room, but until now have been accessible only to anyone who's made the trip to D.C. But now the archivisits are working to put them online, and you can help them. The project is called Operation War Diary, and it comes from a partnership between the National Archives, the citizen science initiative Zooniverse and the Imperial War Museum in the UK. The diaries have all been scanned and posted online for citizen historians to look at and transcribe. According to the project: "The war diaries contain a wealth of information of far greater interest than the army could ever have predicted. They provide unrivalled insight into daily events on the front line, and are full of fascinating detail about the decisions that were made and the activities that resulted from them."


World War One: 10 interpretations of who started WW1

bbc.com
2/11/2014

No one nation deserves all responsibility for the outbreak of war, but Germany seems to me to deserve most. It alone had power to halt the descent to disaster at any time in July 1914 by withdrawing its "blank cheque" which offered support to Austria for its invasion of Serbia. I'm afraid I am unconvinced by the argument that Serbia was a rogue state which deserved its nemesis at Austria's hands. And I do not believe Russia wanted a European war in 1914 - its leaders knew that it would have been in a far stronger position to fight two years later, having completed its rearmament programme.


World War One: The circus animals that helped Britain

bbc.com
11/10/2013

On the cobbled streets of industrial Sheffield an Indian elephant dutifully lumbered along. Her task was important - she had to cart munitions, machines and scrap metal around the city, a job previously done by three horses taken off to war. Lizzie - as she was known - was used to performing tricks as part of a travelling menagerie. But with the outbreak of World War One she was conscripted to help with heavy labour, fitted with a harness and sent to work at a scrap metal merchants.


German Subs: Sunken WWI U-Boats a Bonanza for Historians

abcnew.com
6/21/2013

British archaeologists recently discovered more than 40 German U-boats sunk during World War I off the coast of England. Now they are in a race against time to learn the secrets hidden in their watery graves. On the old game show "What's My Line?" Briton Mark Dunkley might have been described with the following words: "He does what many adventurers around the world can only dream of doing." Dunkley is an underwater archeologist who dives for lost treasures. His most recent discoveries were anything if not eerie.


8 Famous People Who Missed the Lusitania

Smithsonian.com
5/2/2013

When the First World War began, in the summer of 1914, the Lusitania was among the most glamorous and celebrated ships in the world—at one time both the largest and fastest afloat. But the British passenger liner would earn a far more tragic place in history on May 7, 1915, when it was torpedoed by a German submarine off the coast of Ireland, with the loss of nearly 1,200 lives.


Rare World War I Images Found Inside Antique Camera By Photographer Anton Orlov

huffingtonpost.com
1/11/2013

A blogger passionate about historic photography techniques serendipitously found some old photos inside his newly-purchased camera. As in, World War I old. Last week, Anton Orlov of the Photo Palace blog was cleaning the Jumelle Belllieni stereoscopic camera that he'd bought at an antique store a few days prior, and found the images completely by accident. According to his blog, he opened the film chamber and saw the negatives on a stack of glass plates.


Disturbing Pathe footage from World War One reveals devastating effects of shell shock on soldiers as they were treated in pioneering Devon hospital

dailymail.co.uk
11/8/2012

Uncontrollable shaking, terrifying nightmares and severe convulsions were among the most devastating symptoms suffered by the many First World War soldiers who suffered shell shock. By the end of the war, more than 80,000 men who had endured the horrors of battle were struggling to return to normality. And here, disturbing footage compiled by British Pathé film archivists and released to MailOnline today, brings home the terrifying reality that for many the war never really ended. At the time, most shell shock victims were treated harshly and with little sympathy as their symptoms were not understood and they were seen as a sign of weakness. But at Newton Abbott's Seale Hayne in Devon, the approach was very different due to the revolutionary approach of a doctor called Arthur Hurst, an army major, who believed he could cure every shell shock victim.


The CIA Burglar Who Went Rogue

Smithsonian.com
10/3/2012

The six CIA officers were sweating. It was almost noon on a June day in the Middle Eastern capital, already in the 90s outside and even hotter inside the black sedan where the five men and one woman sat jammed in together. Sat and waited.


Document Deep Dive: What Did the Zimmermann Telegram Say?

Smithsonian.com
8/21/2012

On January 17, 1917, British code breakers in Room 40, the cryptoanalysis office of Great Britain’s Naval Intelligence, intercepted a telegram from Germany. At first, they suspected the coded message was a routine communication. But, soon enough, the cryptologists found that what they held in their hands was a top-secret missive that would shift the tides of World War I. Chances are that you have studied the Zimmermann Telegram in a history class, but have you ever actually seen the coded message? German Foreign Minister Arthur Zimmermann sent the diplomatic message to Heinrich von Eckardt, the German ambassador in Mexico City, instructing him to speak to the president of Mexico. He proposed that the two nations strike an alliance; if Mexico waged war against the United States, thereby distracting Americans from the conflict in Europe, Germany would lend support and help Mexico reclaim Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.


Hitler postcard found in World War I project

bbc.co.uk
5/2/2012

A previously unknown postcard sent by Adolf Hitler when he was a soldier in World War I has been uncovered in a European history project. Hitler's postcard, sent in 1916 when he was recovering from a war wound, was found in Munich, Germany. Oxford University is providing expert advice to the Europeana 1914-1918 project which runs history roadshows. When the postcard was identified, the university's Dr Stuart Lee said he "felt a shudder run through me". "I found it hard to believe that at a local event to record ordinary people's stories, I was seeing a previously unknown document in Hitler's own hand," said Dr Lee.


Disclaimer: All resources (including books and websites) provided on indyintheclassroom.com are intended to be used by educators. Indyintheclassroom.com is not responsible for the content on linked websites.
Educators are strongly advised to review any resources prior to allowing student use.

Copyright: All images on Indyintheclassroom.com are used with permission or are in the public domain. Exceptions are noted. For additional information see our Copyright section.


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